Romanian  Journal of  Diabetes
Nutrition  and  Metabolic  Diseases

 
 

Original paper-PREVALENCE OF DYSLIPIDEMIA AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH GLYCEMIC CONTROL IN INDIAN TYPE 2 DIABETES POPULATION - ABSTRACT

Authors: Charitha Kaithala 1, Hemanth Kumar Namburi 1, Siva Subrahmanyam Bandaru 2, Sharvana Bhava Sheshagiri Bandaru 1, Nagesh Adla 1, Goverdhan Puchchakayala 1
1 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Vaagdevi College of Pharmacy, Warangal, Telangana State 2 Sri Bhadrakali Diabetes Care Centre, Warangal, Telangana State

Background and Aims. Diabetes mellitus is considered as one of the major health problems in India. With nearly one million diabetic deaths every year, India turned out as the “diabetic capital of the world”. Diabetes is considered as one of the seven major controllable risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Dyslipidemia is considered as one of the most important cardiovascular risk factors among type 2 diabetic population. In the current study we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of dyslipidemia and its association with glycemic control among the type 2 diabetic population. Material and methods. The study was conducted from April to December 2015 using random sampling technique among type 2 diabetic patients of Warangal region in Telangana State, India. Every 10th type 2 diabetic patient visiting the clinic were approached to participate in the study. Out of all the approached 126 patients, 108 agreed to participate in the study. Statistical analysis of the data was performed through Graphpad Prism 6.0. A two-tailed p value <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results. Prevalence of dyslipidemia, defined as derangement or abnormality in any one of the serum lipids was found to be 97.2% in our study sample. Dyslipidemia in good glycemic control group (HbA1c ? 7%) was found to be less compared to that of poor glycemic control group (HbA1c > 7%). Conclusion. Prevalence of dyslipidemia seem to be very high among our study sample. Our study emphasizes the importance of glycemic control in the prevention of serum lipid abnormalities. A better glycemic control among diabetic patients may help in the prevention of early predisposition to dyslipidemia

Key words: Type 2 Diabetes, HbA1c, Dyslipidemia, Glycemic control

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